Jewish Partisan fighting was performed by individuals and distinct groups of Jewish Partisans. The extraordinary difficulty of life in the forests, the anti-Semitism and scheming by local Partisans did not deter the Jewish fighters, and they soon came to be recognized for their bravery and their determination to fight the Germans and to support the other fighting forces bring the occupation nearer to an end. Especially noteworthy is the sense of responsibility shown by several leaders of Jewish Partisan units, who also took women, children and the elderly who had escaped from ghettos and camps under their protection, and together with them set up “Family Camps” which formed departure bases for operations. Partisans were fighters who fought the occupier by means of guerrilla warfare. As the war drew to a close and the defeat of the Axis Countries became more and more evident, the Partisans intensified their guerrilla operations in the occupied countries. This activity disrupted many missions and weakened the morale of the occupying armies. The Jewish uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto was the first revolt by an urban population in occupied Europe. The fighting of the Ghetto defenders lasted even longer than that of sovereign countries that had been invaded by Germany in the beginning of the war. The Jews joined in local underground activity, in countries that had been occupied by the “Axis” counties, as part of the overall effort of the Allies to continue the fighting at the rear of the enemy. This fighting was characterized by activity facing the occupier and by saving Jews.